Early in the morning farmer Alfred Ernst, of Barnesville, Minnesota, drove his truck up to his grain drill.
He got out and began loading the drill for the continued wheat seeding of his land, which had begun the day before. He stopped for a moment and surveyed the flat prairie that was his farm, about 6 miles East of Comstock.
Then, at 8:00 a.m., he saw a UFO on the ground.
It was a glowing oval object approximately 1,500' away,” the former Barnesville Mayor told Norman Mess, NICAP Minnesota Subcommittee member. It appeared to be about 3' to 4' long and almost as wide.
The witness, in a later telephone conversation with Dr. James E. McDonald, said the object was like the tub of a washing machine, round bottomed. There was a bright glow to it and it was hard to look at.
Ernst saw the object as it was taking off. It rose quickly and disappeared into the clouds in 5 seconds.
Alfred said he felt rather uncomfortable when the UFO disappeared.
The farmer then drove to the farm of his brother, Leo A. Ernst, and both men returned to the landing site. There they discovered a crater like depression about 3' in diameter.
At the center of this depression was a hole about 3" or 4" in diameter. 4 other holes approximately 1½" in diameter and 2' apart formed a square around the central hole. The depressed area was unusually dry.
Around the rim of the depression a white substance, later analyzed as alkaline, was found. Ernst said the black soil in that area did not contain alkaline.
WDAY-TV, of Fargo, North Dakota, took an unusual interest in the report and sent a man to investigate and obtain photographs of the area. The results of this investigation were made public on Dewey Berquist’s weather program.
The holes are exactly the type I’ve seen many times and I’m sure they were caused by lightning, Berquist wrote NICAP. I believe Mr. Ernst saw an uncommon phenomena called globe or ball lightning.
The witness himself does not agree. Nor does Dr. McDonald.
While quizzing Ernst about the state of the weather, Dr. McDonald said in a report to NICAP, he made reference to the ball lightning explanation and said that was quite unreasonable. He pointed out that he and his father and grandfather had farmed in that area, his grandfather homesteaded there, and nobody in the area had ever seen any fireball or ball lightning or anything like that before.
Having heard directly from Ernst his description of the very precise pattern of the holes, which obviously impressed him greatly, and adding that to his description of the weather, I would say that any type of ball lightning hypothesis will not fit the report. I would say that this is a fairly strong case.”
The Arizona atmospheric physicist said thunderstorm activity is needed to produce ball lightning, but “there is no mention of any thunderstorm occurring at the time, nor does any of the material indicate lightning activity.”
The descriptions of the geometric pattern of holes in the blown out area are quite atypical of ball lightning, Dr. McDonald continued. Ernst mentioned that it was hard to look at the object due to its luminosity. I have never heard of ball lightning so luminous that it would be hard to look at at a distance of ¼ of a mile.
It is true that lightning sometimes makes a hole or tear in the ground and it is also true that when it hits sand it vitrefies the sand, but I would not be satisfied with Berquist’s easy explanation of the holes on such a basis, in view of the reported geometric pattern… .
Ball lightning fairly frequently ends by exploding, occasionally with damaging force, usually just with a loud noise. One might hypothesize that the hole which Ernst reported was due to explosive termination of a lightning ball, however, then one would be left high and dry with respect to accounting for the ascent of the luminous mass.
If, alternatively, one argued that the hole was made by an ordinary cloud to ground stroke which then generated a lightning ball, it would be unreasonable to think that Ernst could have failed to hear a very loud crash of thunder. No mention of any such thunder is made.